Meta:IPブロック適用除外

This page is a translated version of the page Meta:IP block exemption and the translation is 63% complete.
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Meta:方針とガイドライン Meta:IP block exemption
このページではメタウィキの'ipblock-exemption'権限について説明しており、これに基づいて'ipblock-exemption'権限の付与と除去が行われます。
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This guideline in a nutshell: 善良な編集者のIPアドレスが、本人とは無関係のブロックによって編集ができなくなった場合には、ブロックされたIPアドレスに関係なく編集が可能になるIPブロック適用除外の権限を申請することができます。この権限は正当な理由がある場合にのみ例外的に与えられ、権限保持が懸念される場合やもう必要なくなった場合には除去されます。

概要

通常は、長期のIPアドレスに対するブロックやレンジブロックはログインしている登録利用者には影響しません。しかし、場合によってはアカウントを持たないIP利用者と登録利用者の両方にブロックをかける必要があります。

メタウィキの管理者は常にブロックの影響を受けません(Torのブロックを除く)。そのほかの利用者は、正当な理由があればそれぞれIPブロック適用除外の権限を申請できます。

IPブロック適用除外の権限があれば、使用しているIPアドレスが本人とは無関係の行為によってブロックされている場合でも、支障なく編集を行うことが可能になります。また、Torといった匿名プロキシ経由で編集するために使うことも例外的に許可される場合があります。

IPブロック適用除外者は、許可されていないプロキシを使った編集を含むこのガイドラインへの違反、多重アカウントの不適切な使用の恐れやその他重大な懸念がある場合は、IPブロック適用除外の権限を剥奪されることになります。

IPブロック適用除外の申請と権限付与

IPブロック適用除外は主に2つの用途があります:

  • 不幸にも荒らしや破壊行為などによるブロックに巻き込まれた利用者には、権限を付与することができます。IPブロック適用除外者となれば、ローカルでのいかなるIPブロックにも巻き込まれなくことなく編集できるようになります。
  • 極めて例外的に、Torといった匿名プロキシ経由の編集を行えるようにするために権限を付与することができます。
匿名プロキシの使用に関連する追加の保護手段を講ずるため、これらはそれぞれ別の手順で処理されます。

IP広域ブロックの回避

"Hard" IP range blocks are used to prevent persistent disruption from temporary accounts and sock-puppets within an IP range. A user with a credible editing record who would be affected by this measure, may be exempted from the block at administrative discretion, to allow them to edit uninterrupted through the IP range block.

The conditions for granting this are that:

  • the user's normal (non-proxy) IP will be disrupted by an IP block that is placed on a range they usually edit on, through no fault of theirs. (This may be confirmed via autoblock or checkuser)
  • the user agrees never to mis-use the exemption to edit through a blocked anonymizing proxy (this may be checked), and,
  • when the block ends, or ceases to be an issue for the user, the exemption will be removed by any administrator.

In addition, IP exemption may also be given by an administrator (often a checkuser) without a request, to prevent good-faith users being affected by a hard IP range block. The user should be informed that in order to prevent vandalism, a block has been applied to their IP range, and they have been exempted from it. They should clearly be recommended to read this section, and especially that the flag may be removed if used to edit via a blocked proxy.

誰が要求するか – A user affected by an IP block that is unrelated to their editing and that prevents them editing with a logged-in account.
申請方法 – Request IP block exemption as part of an unblock request. You must ask from your registered account. Requests posted to the user talk page of the IP address will be automatically declined. Those granting this right may sometimes need to consult a checkuser to confirm the problem, or may wish to obtain further review by posting the request onto an administrative list or page for discussion if unfamiliar with the case.

匿名プロキシでの編集への使用

Editing via an anonymous proxy can be easily abused, so it is only granted under exceptional circumstances. Examples of users who may reasonably request an exemption include users who show they can contribute to the encyclopedia, and (for existing users) with a history of valid non-disruptive contribution, but are either being hindered by restrictive firewalls, or for exceptional reasons must edit via anonymous proxies.

Note that avoidance of checkuser, or specific checkusers, is not an acceptable reason - concerns regarding checkusers should be discussed with the stewards or Ombudsman commission.

誰が要求するか – A user who has genuine and exceptional need, and can be trusted not to abuse the right. This is a level of trust equal to that given Administrators, as IP block exemption is an administrative tool.
申請方法チェックユーザーまたはビューロクラットにメールして下さい。

権限除去

IP exemption is a privilege given to users who need the right, and who are trusted not to abuse it. Typical reasons why exemption may be removed from an account:

  • No longer needed or insufficient rationale for granting - relevant hard IP block ended and not anticipated to recur; user has access to Wikipedia through a non-firewalled IP, user becomes a sysop, etc
  • Bad faith or misleading statement in request
  • Credible evidence or concern of abuse - in unclear cases questions might be raised before assumptions are made.

As with any block (which exemption removal can effectively be), an administrator may remove the right or seek discussion of perceived issues by the community. Due to the potential for abuse, credible concerns over abuse endorsed by the community may at times be sufficient for removal. However in all cases, removal should be preventative and not punitive.

権限付与のガイド

  • All IP block exemptions are subject to review and repeal. Exemption may be, and will usually be, withdrawn if there is credible evidence or concern of abuse. It is advisable for administrators to discuss first if in doubt, since a poorly-founded exemption will be quickly withdrawn.
  • When considering IP block exemption, the editing history of the user and the abusive range concerned should be carefully reviewed before making a decision.
  • IP block exemption is granted or removed via Special:UserRights. Users having the ipblock-exempt right are visible as a user group under Special:ListUsers/ipblock-exempt and can be reviewed. (Note that if the user is an administrator, they will not usually appear in this list.) The reason for granting or removal are given in the relevant user's rights log.

関連項目