Meta:Výjimka z blokování IP adres

This page is a translated version of the page Meta:IP block exemption and the translation is 26% complete.
Meta:Pravidla a doporučení Meta:IP block exemption

This page documents the 'ipblock-exemption' permission at Meta-Wiki, and reflects the current practices on its granting and removal.

This guideline in a nutshell: Users in good standing whose editing is disrupted by unrelated blocks may request IP block exemption, which allows editing on an otherwise-blocked IP address. The right is given exceptionally only for good reasons, and may be removed if concerns arise or when it is no longer needed.


Za normálních okolností blokování IP adres a jejich rozsahů neovlivňují přihlášené uživatele. Někdy je však nutné pro zabránění rozvratu zablokovat jak IP adresu, tak uživatele z ní editující.

Správci jsou takovýchto blokování vždy zproštěni. Ostatní uživatelé mohou požádat o výjimku, pokud mohou přednesou dobrý důvod.

Výjimka z blokování adres umožňuje uživateli editovat bez narušení, je-li jeho obvyklá IP adresa zablokována bez jeho zavinění. Výjimečně je udělena i pro povolení editace z anonymizujícího proxy, jako je Tor.

Uživatelé s touto výjimkou by si měli být vědomi, že porušení těchto pravidel, včetně editace z proxy serverů nebo zneužití či jiného řízení, může vést ke zrušení této výjimky.

Žádosti a udělování příznaku

Výjimka z blokování IP adres má dvě hlavní použití:

  • Příznak může být udělen uživateli, jehož IP adresa byla zablokována kvůli prevenci vandalismu či jiné rušivé činnosti. Po přidělení mohou editovat, aniž by na ně měl vliv jakýkoli lokální blok IP adresy.
  • Ve velmi výjimečných případech může být uživateli povoleno editovat anonymně, např. přes Tor či další anonymizující proxy.

These are handled differently, due to the additional safeguards involved for open proxy usage.

Used to bypass an IP range block

"Hard" IP range blocks are used to prevent persistent disruption from temporary accounts and sock-puppets within an IP range. A user with a credible editing record who would be affected by this measure, may be exempted from the block at administrative discretion, to allow them to edit uninterrupted through the IP range block.

The conditions for granting this are that:

  • the user's normal (non-proxy) IP will be disrupted by an IP block that is placed on a range they usually edit on, through no fault of theirs. (This may be confirmed via autoblock or checkuser)
  • the user agrees never to misuse the exemption to edit through a blocked anonymizing proxy (this may be checked), and,
  • when the block ends, or ceases to be an issue for the user, the exemption will be removed by any administrator.

In addition, IP exemption may also be given by an administrator (often a checkuser) without a request, to prevent good-faith users being affected by a hard IP range block. The user should be informed that in order to prevent vandalism, a block has been applied to their IP range, and they have been exempted from it. They should clearly be recommended to read this section, and especially that the flag may be removed if used to edit via a blocked proxy.

Who may requestA user affected by an IP block that is unrelated to their editing and that prevents them from editing with a logged-in account.
How to requestRequest IP block exemption as part of an unblock request. You must ask from your registered account. Requests posted to the user talk page of the IP address will be automatically declined. Those granting this right may sometimes need to consult a checkuser to confirm the problem, or may wish to obtain further review by posting the request onto an administrative list or page for discussion if unfamiliar with the case.

Used for anonymous proxy editing

Editing via an anonymous proxy can be easily abused, so it is only granted under exceptional circumstances. Examples of users who may reasonably request an exemption include users who show they can contribute to the encyclopedia, and (for existing users) with a history of valid non-disruptive contribution, but are either being hindered by restrictive firewalls, or for exceptional reasons must edit via anonymous proxies.

Note that avoidance of checkuser, or specific checkusers, is not an acceptable reason—concerns regarding checkusers should be discussed with the stewards or Ombudsman commission.

Who may requestA user who has genuine and exceptional need, and can be trusted not to abuse the right. This is a level of trust equal to that given to administrators, as IP block exemption is an administrative tool.
How to requestEmail a checkuser or bureaucrat.


IP exemption is a privilege given to users who need the right, and who are trusted not to abuse it. Typical reasons why exemption may be removed from an account:

  • No longer needed or insufficient rationale for granting—relevant hard IP block ended and not anticipated to recur; user has access to Wikipedia through a non-firewalled IP, user becomes a sysop, etc.
  • Bad faith or misleading statement in request
  • Credible evidence or concern of abuse—in unclear cases, questions might be raised before assumptions are made.

As with any block (which exemption removal can effectively be), an administrator may remove the right or seek discussion of perceived issues by the community. Due to the potential for abuse, credible concerns over abuse endorsed by the community may at times be sufficient for removal. However, in all cases, removal should be preventative and not punitive.

Granting guide

  • All IP block exemptions are subject to review and repeal. Exemption may be, and will usually be, withdrawn if there is credible evidence or concern of abuse. It is advisable for administrators to discuss first if in doubt, since a poorly-founded exemption will be quickly withdrawn.
  • When considering IP block exemption, the editing history of the user and the abusive range concerned should be carefully reviewed before making a decision.
  • IP block exemption is granted or removed via Special:UserRights. Users having the ipblock-exempt right are visible as a user group under Special:ListUsers/ipblock-exempt and can be reviewed. (Note that if the user is an administrator, they will not usually appear in this list.) The reason for granting or removal are given in the relevant user's rights log.

See also