Uživatelské skupiny

This page is a translated version of the page User groups and the translation is 65% complete.
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Toto je seznam uživatelských skupin na projektech nadace Wikimedia. Je seřazený přibližně od nejvyšší úrovně po nejnižší. Seznam není závislý přímo na moci v pravém slova smyslu, ale na úrovních technického přístupu v softwaru MediaWiki. Přestože jsou technické pravomoci stejné na všech projektech nadace, definice a úlohy různých skupin se mohou v rámci jednotlivých projektů lišit.

Lokální skupiny

Zde je seznam uživatelských skupin, od nejvyšší úrovně přístupu po nejnižší.

Globální uživatelské skupiny

Vizte též Global permissions, Globální skupiny a Global rights.

Globální roboti

Účty s příznakem Globálního robota mají přístup bota na všech projektech, kde jsou globální roboti povoleni (toto musí být výslovně povoleno lokálními pravidly; vizte seznam projektů, kde jsou povoleni). Globální roboti podléhají pravidlům pro boty, která omezují tyto boty na konkrétní úkoly.

Vizte:

Globální revertéři

Uživatelé s právy globálního revertéra mohou rychle vracet editace jednoho uživatele jedním kliknutím na všech projektech, primárně pro boj proti vandalismu a nesmyslům. Uživatelé musí být prokazatelně aktivní v boji proti cross-wiki vandalismu pro získání práv.

Vizte:

Globální správci

Globální správci jsou uživatelé s právy správce na mnoha malých projektech, hlavně za účelem boje proti vandalismu, v nepřítomnosti místních správců. Jsou jmenování po delší diskusi na Žádost stevardům/Globální práva.

Vizte:

Členové OTRS

Členové OTRS jsou uživatelé, kteří mají přístup k the permissions queues of the Wikimedia OTRS system. Globální skupina se používá především pro účely identifikace a jediné uživatelské právo, které obsahuje je schopnost aktivovat dvoufaktorovou autentizaci.

Personál

Práva skupiny personálu jsou přidělena některým placeným zaměstnancům Wikimedia Foundation. Tato skupina má zvláštní přístup především pro technické nebo právní účely.

Pozadí

The Wikimedia Foundation is constantly evaluating who is a member of the staff user group in order to minimize the proliferation of this very specialized tool. Membership of the staff group is constantly re-evaluated, particularly in light of a more limited tool being available that will fit a staff member's needs, if someone is expected to not need staff rights for a period of time, or if there is something that triggers during a risk assessment. These re-evaluations are part of good security practices.

Previously, who did and did not have staff rights was relatively arbitrary, based upon asking the staff member who was in charge of these rights. The process has been subsequently formalized to protect against abuse or misuse of staff rights. In order to receive staff rights, it requires second level sign-off (meaning that for a new employee in a department, director level signoff is required and for a new manager, C-level signoff is required), a formal written use-case that is kept on file and routinely reviewed to determine whether the use-case is still met by assignment of staff rights, a brief training session explaining their appropriate and inappropriate use, and an acknowledgement (in writing) of the rights and responsibilities that come with staff rights.

Previously, there were few protections against abuse. Today, there are a number of checks and balances built into the system. On the English Wikipedia, for instance, the Arbitration Committee reviews all logged actions and discusses questionable actions with Jan (as the WMF employee responsible for approving rights assignments) to ensure they are within policy. On other wikis where there is no comparable subcommittee, the Trust and Safety (T&S) team audits and reviews employee actions. This has resulted in employee disciplinary action on occasion. These are not toothless protections.

Assignment

Staff rights are managed by the Lead Manager of Trust and Safety and the second-level Wikimedia Foundation manager of the person requesting staff rights.

Wikimedia stewards and staff will add or remove permissions (former link) from the staff global user group and they also add or remove user accounts from the staff global user group based on the requests of the Lead Manager of Trust and Safety or their designee. There is no requirement that community consensus be demonstrated or that the above requirements (including sign-offs) are proved.

Rationale and responsibility of advanced permissions assignment for Wikimedia Foundation staff are currently recorded in a locked Google spreadsheet. A mirror of that page can be found at WMF Advanced Permissions.

Práva

The following chart lists the user rights available in the staff user group and an explanation of why these rights are necessary for staff to have.

User right Purpose
autoconfirmed ...
autopatrol ...
bigdelete At times, the T&S or technical team need the ability to delete pages with a high number of revisions for technical reasons, or for legal compliance reasons.
browsearchive ...
centralauth-merge ...
centralauth-unmerge ...
centralnotice-admin ...
checkuser The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance (subpoena, etc.) and safety reasons (investigations of threats)
checkuser-log The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance (subpoena, etc.) and safety reasons (investigations of threats)
delete The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
deletedhistory The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
deletedtext The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
deletelogentry The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance purposes.
deleterevision The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
edit ...
editinterface The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes (i.e., to change the copyright notices, etc.). Other staff members use it to support the development of other projects and technical initiatives.
editusercss This was done for a couple of reasons.

First, we have had times when we saw a user insert some code in their own user.js and user.css files that really shouldn't be there, and then propagate that code out to the wikis by adding a transclusion from their own user files to, for instance, Mediawiki:Common.js of a smaller wiki, and thereby add google tracking code, for instance. This allows staff to easily (and in a logged fashion) remove such code.

Second, in order to include a script for those users who hold staff rights which colors red the interface buttons for things that they really shouldn't touch without a REALLY good reason (i.e., the execute checkuser button). You can see that script in my own user.js file. This is a reminder for new staff who didn't come from the community that these are specialized rights, and not everyone has access to them, and serves as a mental "speedbump" against using them.

editusercssjs
edituserjs
globalblock ...
globalblock-exempt ...
globalblock-whitelist ...
globalunblock ...
hiderevision ...
hideuser ...
import ...
importupload ...
ipblock-exempt ...
moodbar-admin ...
move ...
move-rootuserpages ...
move-subpages ...
movefile ...
noratelimit ...
nuke ...
override-antispoof ...
oversight ...
prefstats ...
protect ...
purge ...
reupload ...
reupload-shared ...
superprotect ...
suppressionlog ...
suppressredirect ...
suppressrevision ...
tboverride ...
tboverride-account ...
transcode-reset ...
transcode-status ...
uboverride ...
unblockself ...
undelete ...
unwatchedpages ...
upload ...
upload_by_url ...

See:

Stevardi

Stewards have complete access to the wiki interface, and perform technical implementation of community consensus, deal with emergencies, and intervene against crosswiki vandalism. Stewards are elected annually with participation from all wikis.

Vizte:

Special-purpose


Poznámky

  • Tool Labs, Available user rights which do not exist on every wiki (affected wiki is indicated)

Viz též