用户组

This page is a translated version of the page User groups and the translation is 94% complete.
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此頁面展示維基媒體基金會計劃用戶組列表。這裡我們依權限降序陣列。注意爲了不與其他方針引起直接衝突,這些權限需在MediaWiki軟體層面修改。要知道,雖然于基金會計劃中權限幾乎大同小異,某些組的權限還是各維基與各維基之間有所區別。

本地用户组

這裡是用戶組列表,以所持有之權限由高至低排序。

全域用戶組

請參閱全域权限全域用户组全域权限

全域機械人

全域機械人在幾乎所有維基上擁有機械人權限,只要它們接受自動授權(具體見此)。全域機械人必須時刻遵守機械人方針,否則一旦撤權後果自負。

參見:

全域回退员

拥有全域回退权限的用户可以在任何维基上回退一个用户的一连串编辑(通常是破坏或无意义文字),且只需要按一个按钮。申请此权限的用户需要证明他们在多个维基上进行活跃的反破坏工作。

參見:

全域管理員

全域管理员用户可在多个较小的维基上拥有管理员权限。此权限主要是用于反破坏,并暂时缓解那些维基上缺乏本地管理员的情况。授予此权限之前,需要在SRGP上经过一个较长时间的讨论。

參見:

OTRS 成員

OTRS成员是可访问维基媒体OTRS系统权限队列的用户。该全域用户组主要用于身份识别,且唯一擁有的用戶權限是啟用雙重認證

職員

部分维基媒体基金会的受薪雇员会被加入职员用户组。该用户组拥有一些特殊的访问权,主要用于技术和法律方面。

背景

維基媒體基金會正不斷評估職員用戶組的成員所做出的的行為以最小化這類極度專業工具的濫用。職員用戶組的成員資格會持續不斷地重新評估,以確保某一成員獲得的工具是其確實所需的。當一名成員在一段時間內不再需要職員權限,或某些行為觸發了風險評估時,這些重評估將是良好安全措施的一部分。

以前,是否擁有職員權限相對隨意,通過咨詢負責這些權限的員工決定。後來,相關處理進程已經正式化以防止濫用和誤用職員權限。要取得職員權限,需要一位上級審核(意味著新部門員工需要主管級的審核,新經理需要C級審核)、一份書面的用權範例備案,定期對相關權限進行複審以確保其用權符合前述範例、一個簡短的訓練課程以解釋相關權限的正確和錯誤使用和一份對職員權限附帶的權限和責任的書面確認信。

以前,防止濫用的保護措施很少。現在,我們在系統內部署了許多制衡措施。例如,在英文維基百科,仲裁委員會會複審所有日誌操作並與Jan (基金會負責授權的職員)討論問題操作以確保其符合方針。在其他維基計劃沒有此類委員會,the 信任與安全 (T&S) 團隊會審查職員行為。這已經導致了部分職員受到紀律處分,故此是措施不是空談。

分配

職員權限由信任與安全團隊負責人和負責審核權限的基金會二級經理管理。

Wikimedia stewards and staff will add or remove permissions (former link) from the staff global user group and they also add or remove user accounts from the staff global user group based on the requests of the Lead Manager of Trust and Safety or their designee. There is no requirement that community consensus be demonstrated or that the above requirements (including sign-offs) are proved.

Rationale and responsibility of advanced permissions assignment for Wikimedia Foundation staff are currently recorded in a locked Google spreadsheet. A mirror of that page can be found at WMF Advanced Permissions.

權限

The following chart lists the user rights available in the staff user group and an explanation of why these rights are necessary for staff to have.

用户权限 目的
autoconfirmed ...
autopatrol ...
bigdelete At times, the T&S or technical team need the ability to delete pages with a high number of revisions for technical reasons, or for legal compliance reasons.
browsearchive ...
centralauth-merge ...
centralauth-unmerge ...
centralnotice-admin ...
checkuser The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance (subpoena, etc.) and safety reasons (investigations of threats)
checkuser-log The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance (subpoena, etc.) and safety reasons (investigations of threats)
delete The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
deletedhistory The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
deletedtext The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
deletelogentry The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance purposes.
deleterevision The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
edit ...
editinterface The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes (i.e., to change the copyright notices, etc.). Other staff members use it to support the development of other projects and technical initiatives.
editusercss This was done for a couple of reasons.

First, we have had times when we saw a user insert some code in their own user.js and user.css files that really shouldn't be there, and then propagate that code out to the wikis by adding a transclusion from their own user files to, for instance, Mediawiki:Common.js of a smaller wiki, and thereby add google tracking code, for instance. This allows staff to easily (and in a logged fashion) remove such code.

Second, in order to include a script for those users who hold staff rights which colors red the interface buttons for things that they really shouldn't touch without a REALLY good reason (i.e., the execute checkuser button). You can see that script in my own user.js file. This is a reminder for new staff who didn't come from the community that these are specialized rights, and not everyone has access to them, and serves as a mental "speedbump" against using them.

editusercssjs
edituserjs
globalblock ...
globalblock-exempt ...
globalblock-whitelist ...
globalunblock ...
hiderevision ...
hideuser ...
import ...
importupload ...
ipblock-exempt ...
moodbar-admin ...
move ...
move-rootuserpages ...
move-subpages ...
movefile ...
noratelimit ...
nuke ...
override-antispoof ...
oversight ...
prefstats ...
protect ...
purge ...
reupload ...
reupload-shared ...
superprotect ...
suppressionlog ...
suppressredirect ...
suppressrevision ...
tboverride ...
tboverride-account ...
transcode-reset ...
transcode-status ...
uboverride ...
unblockself ...
undelete ...
unwatchedpages ...
upload ...
upload_by_url ...

參見:

监管员

監管員擁有完全訪問維基權限,并努力推動技術性修改之共識,緊急處置,以及應對大規模跨維基破壞。監管員由所有維基每年選舉產生。

參見:

特殊權限


註釋

  • Tool Labs,在任何维基都无人拥有的权限列表(维基媒体基金会表示影响颇大)。

參見