Kelompok Pengguna

This page is a translated version of the page User groups and the translation is 86% complete.
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Berikut ini adalah daftar kelompok penggun dalam proyek Wikimedia Foundation. Ini diatur dalam perkiraan tingkat izin yang paling bawah. Perhatikan bahwa tingkat tidak secara langsung berkorelasi dengan daya dalam arti kata yang sebenarnya, tetapi lebih mengacu pada akses teknis dalam perangkat lunak MediaWiki. Ketahuilah bahwa, meskipun kemampuan teknis sama di semua proyek Foundation, definisi dan peran kelompok tertentu berbeda dari satu wiki ke wiki lainnya.

Kelompok lokal

Here's a list of user groups, from the highest access level to the lowest.

Kelompok Global Pengguna

Lihat pula Global permissions, Global groups dan Global rights.

Bot Global

Bot global memiliki akses bot di semua wiki tempat bot global diaktifkan (ini harus secara eksplisit diizinkan oleh kebijakan lokal; lihat daftar wiki yang diizinkan). Bot global patuh pada kebijakan bot biasa, yang membatasi bot ini untuk tugas tertentu.

Lihat:

Pengembali revisi

Pengguna dengan rollback global dapat mengembalikan serangkaian suntingan oleh satu pengguna dengan satu klik di wiki mana pun, terutama ditujukan untuk vandalisme dan nonsense. Pengguna harus terbukti aktif dalam kontra-vandalisme lintas-wiki untuk mendapatkan akses.

Lihat:

Pengurus Global

Pengurus global adalah pengguna dengan akses pengurus di beberapa wiki kecil, terutama untuk tujuan memerangi vandalisme tanpa adanya pengurus lokal. Mereka diangkat setelah diskusi panjang tentang SRGP.

Lihat:

Anggota OTRS

Anggota OTRS adalah pengguna yang memiliki akses ke antrian perizinan sistem OTRS Wikimedia. Kelompok global digunakan terutama untuk tujuan identifikasi, dan satu-satunya hak pengguna yang didalamnya memiliki kemampuan untuk mengaktifkan otentikasi dua faktor.

Staf

Kelompok Staf ditugaskan ke beberapa karyawan berbayar dari Wikimedia Foundation. Kelompok ini memiliki akses khusus terutama untuk tujuan teknis atau hukum.

Latar belakang

Wikimedia Foundation secara terus menerus mengevaluasi siapa yang menjadi anggota kelompok pengguna staf untuk meminimalkan penyebaran alat yang sangat khusus ini. Keanggotaan kelompok staf terus-menerus dievaluasi ulang, terutama mengingat ketersediaan alat yang lebih terbatas yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan anggota staf, jika seseorang diharapkan tidak memerlukan hak staf untuk jangka waktu tertentu, atau jika ada sesuatu yang menjadi pemicu selama penilaian risiko. Evaluasi ulang ini adalah bagian dari praktik keamanan yang baik.

Previously, who did and did not have staff rights was relatively arbitrary, based upon asking the staff member who was in charge of these rights. The process has been subsequently formalized to protect against abuse or misuse of staff rights. In order to receive staff rights, it requires second level sign-off (meaning that for a new employee in a department, director level signoff is required and for a new manager, C-level signoff is required), a formal written use-case that is kept on file and routinely reviewed to determine whether the use-case is still met by assignment of staff rights, a brief training session explaining their appropriate and inappropriate use, and an acknowledgement (in writing) of the rights and responsibilities that come with staff rights.

Previously, there were few protections against abuse. Today, there are a number of checks and balances built into the system. On the English Wikipedia, for instance, the Arbitration Committee reviews all logged actions and discusses questionable actions with Jan (as the WMF employee responsible for approving rights assignments) to ensure they are within policy. On other wikis where there is no comparable subcommittee, the Trust and Safety (T&S) team audits and reviews employee actions. This has resulted in employee disciplinary action on occasion. These are not toothless protections.

Penugasan

Staff rights are managed by the Lead Manager of Trust and Safety and the second-level Wikimedia Foundation manager of the person requesting staff rights.

Wikimedia stewards and staff will add or remove permissions (former link) from the staff global user group and they also add or remove user accounts from the staff global user group based on the requests of the Lead Manager of Trust and Safety or their designee. There is no requirement that community consensus be demonstrated or that the above requirements (including sign-offs) are proved.

Rationale and responsibility of advanced permissions assignment for Wikimedia Foundation staff are currently recorded in a locked Google spreadsheet. A mirror of that page can be found at WMF Advanced Permissions.

Izin

Skema berikut mencantumkan hak-hak pengguna yang tersedia dalam kelompok pengguna staf dan penjelasan mengapa hak-hak ini perlu dimiliki oleh staf.

Hak Pengguna Tujuan
autoconfirmed ...
autopatrol ...
bigdelete At times, the T&S or technical team need the ability to delete pages with a high number of revisions for technical reasons, or for legal compliance reasons.
browsearchive ...
centralauth-merge ...
centralauth-unmerge ...
centralnotice-admin ...
checkuser The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance (subpoena, etc.) and safety reasons (investigations of threats)
checkuser-log The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance (subpoena, etc.) and safety reasons (investigations of threats)
delete The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
deletedhistory The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
deletedtext The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
deletelogentry The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance purposes.
deleterevision The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes.
edit ...
editinterface The T&S team uses this right for legal compliance and copyright purposes (i.e., to change the copyright notices, etc.). Other staff members use it to support the development of other projects and technical initiatives.
editusercss This was done for a couple of reasons.

First, we have had times when we saw a user insert some code in their own user.js and user.css files that really shouldn't be there, and then propagate that code out to the wikis by adding a transclusion from their own user files to, for instance, Mediawiki:Common.js of a smaller wiki, and thereby add google tracking code, for instance. This allows staff to easily (and in a logged fashion) remove such code.

Second, in order to include a script for those users who hold staff rights which colors red the interface buttons for things that they really shouldn't touch without a REALLY good reason (i.e., the execute checkuser button). You can see that script in my own user.js file. This is a reminder for new staff who didn't come from the community that these are specialized rights, and not everyone has access to them, and serves as a mental "speedbump" against using them.

editusercssjs
edituserjs
globalblock ...
globalblock-exempt ...
globalblock-whitelist ...
globalunblock ...
hiderevision ...
hideuser ...
import ...
importupload ...
ipblock-exempt ...
moodbar-admin ...
move ...
move-rootuserpages ...
move-subpages ...
movefile ...
noratelimit ...
nuke ...
override-antispoof ...
oversight ...
prefstats ...
protect ...
purge ...
reupload ...
reupload-shared ...
superprotect ...
suppressionlog ...
suppressredirect ...
suppressrevision ...
tboverride ...
tboverride-account ...
transcode-reset ...
transcode-status ...
uboverride ...
unblockself ...
undelete ...
unwatchedpages ...
upload ...
upload_by_url ...

Lihat:

Steward

Stewards have complete access to the wiki interface, and perform technical implementation of community consensus, deal with emergencies, and intervene against crosswiki vandalism. Stewards are elected annually with participation from all wikis.

Lihat:

Tujuan istimewa


Catatan

  • Tool Labs, Tersedia hak pengguna yang mana tidak semua ada disetiap wiki.

Lihat pula