This page is a translated version of the page Stewards and the translation is 57% complete.
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사무장
Wikimedia steward Icon.svg
요청
사무장 업무
알림판

사무장은 모든 공개 위키미디어 위키의 인터페이스에 접속할 수 있는 전역 사용자 집단입니다. 이들은 개별 또는 전체 프로젝트의 모든 사용자 권한을 수정하고 전역 계정의 상태와 이름을 변경하며, 관리자와 사무관의 권한을 행사할 수 있는 기술적 권한이 있습니다. 사무장의 권한 행사는 긴급상황을 제외하곤 특정한 권한 행사가 가능한 다른 사용자가 있을 때 그 권한을 사용하지 않는 정책에 따라 일부 제한됩니다. 이는 관리자나 사무관이 없는 프로젝트에서 그들의 역할을 할 수 있도록 합니다.

사무장은 매년 1월부터 2월 사이에 열리는 사무장 선거때 전체 위키미디어 공동체가 선출합니다. 사무장은 위키미디어 재단에서 종사하지 않는 자원봉사자입니다. 사무장은 중재자도 아닙니다. 만약 작은 프로젝트에서 분쟁이 발생할 경우, 먼저 프로젝트 안에서 해결을 시도하고, 해결되지 않을 경우 의견 요청 페이지에 중재를 요청하세요.

현재 위키미디어에 사무장 36명이 있습니다.

역사

본문: Stewards/History

사무장 집단은 소프트웨어 개발과 시스템 관리로부터 사용자 권한 관리를 분리하기 위해 2004년에 생겨났습니다. 처음에 사무장은 오직 메타 위키의 모든 사용자 권한을 관리하는 권한만 주어졌습니다. 사무장 집단이 생겨나기 전에는 개발자가 사무관이 없는 위키의 사용자 권한을 관리할 필요가 있었습니다.

2008년에 CentralAuth 확장기능이 도입되면서 사무장은 통합 계정을 관리할 책임이 주어졌습니다. 2015년에 단일 계정 로그인 시스템 구축이 마무리되면서 그들은 전역 계정명 변경자와 함께 전역 계정명을 바꿀 책임이 부여되었습니다.

첫번째 선거는 2004년에 있었고, 그 이후로 2011년까지 반년마다 선거가 있었습니다.

자격

본문: 사무장/선거

Steward elections are held between January and February every year, with voting lasting for three weeks in February. Candidates must meet account and activity requirements, including holding administrator rights on one Wikimedia wiki for at least three months, and made 600 edits and 50 within the last six months. Voting is also restricted to users with 600 edits and 50 in the last six months. Candidates are elected by a vote, requiring 80% support and at least 30 supporting votes to be elected. There is no limit to the number of users that can hold steward rights, or the number of stewards that can be elected during each election cycle.

Confirmations

Existing stewards are confirmed every year at the same time as the elections. The first stage of the confirmations is a community comment period, where any user is free to comment for or against any of the current stewards. These comments should be directed specifically at the use of the steward permissions, or at other relevant factors for whether a steward should retain or lose their permissions. After the community comment period is closed, all new and existing stewards deliberate on the results. A steward is removed if a majority of other stewards vote for removal in the deliberations.

Removal of access

Stewards are automatically removed for inactivity if they have performed no actions within the past six months, and less than ten actions within the last year.

권한

Stewards are primarily responsible for performing the following technical actions:

Global account management
  • Lock and unlock global accounts
  • Hide and suppress global accounts
  • Rename global accounts and local unattached accounts
  • Globally block and unblock IP addresses
  • Use the CheckUser tool on login.wikimedia.org (statistics)
User rights management
  • Assign and remove all local user rights on any account on any Wikimedia wiki
    • Bot, administrator and bureaucrat rights are assigned on wikis without local bureaucrats
    • CheckUser, oversight, and import rights are only assigned by stewards
  • Assign and remove all global user rights
  • Manage global group permissions and wikisets
Miscellaneous
  • Approve, disable, and suppress OAuth application requests
  • Use any administrator, CheckUser, or oversighter access on wikis without local users in those permissions groups
  • Respond to OTRS tickets in the stewards' queue, or any of the information queues
  • Delete pages with greater than 5,000 revisions
  • Create and edit global abusefilters

Stewards are also responsible for the following non-technical actions:

  • Closing and implementing requests for global community bans
  • Acting as scrutineers for Arbitration Committee elections on some wikis
  • Working with Wikimedia Foundation staff as the first point of contact with the community

정책

본문: Stewards policy

Stewards are required to follow established community policies when using their permissions, and where policies do not exist, established practices are followed instead.

On wikis with local administrators or bureaucrats, stewards typically will not use their access unless there is an emergency. There is some leeway in policy for cross-wiki actions, but this is rarely applied.

User rights are not changed by stewards on wikis where they are an active member of the local community. This maintains the steward role as global in scope, and prevents them from becoming super-users of their home projects. Some permissions that are not held by local users and are uncontroversial to use, such as deleting pages with over 5,000 revisions using the bigdelete permission, are still used by stewards on their home projects.

Stewards are never compelled to take an action; as volunteers, they can always personally recuse from handling a request. They are also free to maintain and express their own opinions, so long as their use of the steward rights conforms with policy.

연락

There are a number of ways to contact stewards, either individually or as a group:

There is a private steward mailing list (Stewards-l) and wiki (steward.wikimedia.org) used for internal communication and organization.

현재 존재하는 사무장 목록

Last update: 2020-01-18; total number of stewards: 36

+/- 계정명 IRC 닉네임 구사 언어 활동적인 기간
Ajraddatz ajr en, fr-1 2014-02-28
Alaa (علاء) Alaa ar, en-4, he-1, es-1 2018-02-28
Base Base uk, ru-4, en-2 2019-02-28
Bsadowski1 Bsadowski1 en 2011-02-28
Defender defender01 pt, en-2, es-1 2017-02-28
DerHexer DerHexer de, en-3, grc-3, la-3, es-1 2007-12-21
Einsbor einsbor pl, en-3, fr-2 2015-02-28
Green Giant Green_Giant en, fr-2, de-1 2018-02-28
HakanIST HakanIST tr, en-4, az-3, es-2, de-1 2017-02-28
Hoo man hoo de, en-3, it-1, fr-1 2014-02-28
Jon Kolbert kolbert en, fr-4, de-2 2019-02-28
Jyothis Jyothis ml, hi-1, en-3 2010-03-08
Linedwell Linedwell fr, en-3, it-2 2015-02-28
MarcoAurelio MarcoAurelio es, en-2, fr-2, la-1 2010-03-08
Mardetanha Mardetanha az, fa, en-3, tr-2, ar-1, bqi-1, glk-1, mzn-1, tk-1 2009-02-28
Masti masti pl, en-4, de-3, ru-2 several -1 2016-02-28
Matanya matanya he, en 2011-02-28
Matiia Matiia es, en-2 2017-02-28
Melos Melos it, en-3, scn-4, es-1, la-1 2010-03-08
NahidSultan NahidSultan bn, en-3, bpy-1, as-1 2016-02-28
Pmlineditor Pmlineditor bn, en-4, hi-2, de-1, (as, hif, bpy)-0.5 2015-02-28
QuiteUnusual QuiteUnusual en, fr-2, it-2, es-1 2013-02-28
RadiX RadiX pt, en-3, es-2, fr-2, it-2, gl-1, sk-1, (sq, ms, hi)-0.5 2015-02-28
revi revi ko, en-3 2018-02-28
Ruslik0 rr0 ru, en-3 2011-02-28
rxy rxy ja, en-1 2018-02-28
Schniggendiller Schniggendiller de, en-3 2019-02-28
Shanmugamp7 shanmugamp7 ta, en-3 2014-02-28
Sjoerddebruin sjoerddebruin nl, en-3, de-1, fr-1 2017-02-28
Stryn Stryn fi, en-2, sv-1 2015-02-28
Tegel Tegel sv, en-3, da-1 (read), no-1 (read) 2012-02-28
Teles Teles pt, en-3, es-2 2012-02-28
There'sNoTime TheresNoTime en, de-3, es-3, it-3, fr-3 2018-02-28
Trijnstel Trijnstel nl, en-4, de-1, fr-1 2011-10-07
Vituzzu Vito it, scn, en-2, fr-2, la-1, es-1, pt-1 2011-10-07
Wim b Wim_b it, en-2 2019-02-28

임기 기록 표

User:Jon Harald SøbyUser:Jimbo WalesUser:WalterUser:SuisuiUser:RomihaitzaUser:Rdsmith4User:PaginazeroUser:Jon Harald SøbyUser:AusirUser:AurevillyUser:AscánderUser:ShizhaoUser:YannUser:WaerthUser:SnowdogUser:SjUser:ShizhaoUser:OscarUser:DatrioUser:Danny%7EmetawikiUser:AstroNomerUser:Andre EngelsUser:MavUser:LooxixUser:KarlWickUser:FantasyUser:ArnoLagrangeUser:AnthereUser:AngelaUser:Andre EngelsStewards/elections 2006Stewards/elections 2005Stewards/elections 2004 
User:Meno25User:Mike.lifeguardUser:Meno25User:LeinadUser:LaaknorUser:KyluUser:ErwinUser:DorganUser:AlexanderpsUser:MardetanhaUser:Wojciech PędzichUser:ThogoUser:JusjihUser:ZirlandUser:Wojciech PędzichUser:ThogoUser:SpacebirdyUser:Nick1915User:MilloshUser:LarUser:JusjihUser:DungodungUser:.anacondaUser:DerHexerUser:ShanelUser:ReduxUser:PathoschildUser:MaxSemUser:Magister MathematicaeUser:M7User:GuillomUser:EffeietsandersUser:Dbl2010User:DarkonekoUser:CspurrierUser:BastiqueStewards/elections 2009Stewards/elections 2007Stewards/elections 2006-2 
User:WikitanvirUser:Quentinv57User:QuadellUser:BennylinUser:BencmqUser:AxpdeUser:VituzzuUser:TrijnstelUser:PeterSymondsUser:Manuelt15User:Lofty abyssUser:JafeluvUser:Fr33kmanUser:EptalonUser:BarrasUser:Ruslik0User:MatanyaUser:Bsadowski1User:MarcoAurelioUser:WutsjeUser:Sir Lestaty de LioncourtUser:MercyUser:J.delanoyUser:AvrahamUser:MelosUser:MarcoAurelioUser:JyothisStewards/elections 2011-2Stewards/elections 2011Stewards/elections 2010 
User:TBloeminkUser:SPQRobinUser:SavhUser:Rschen7754User:Shanmugamp7User:Hoo manUser:AjraddatzUser:MF-WarburgUser:MathoniusUser:BRUTEUser:AmquiUser:QuiteUnusualUser:SnowolfUser:PunditUser:MBisanzUser:Luckas BladeUser:ElfixUser:BillinghurstUser:TelesUser:TegelStewards/Elections 2014Stewards/Elections 2013Stewards/Elections 2012 
User:Wim bUser:SchniggendillerUser:Jon KolbertUser:BaseUser:There'sNoTimeUser:RxyUser:-reviUser:Green GiantUser:علاءUser:SjoerddebruinUser:MatiiaUser:HakanISTUser:DefenderUser:NahidSultanUser:MastiUser:EinsborUser:TaketaUser:StrynUser:RadiXUser:PmlineditorUser:LinedwellUser:EinsborStewards/Elections 2019Stewards/Elections 2018Stewards/Elections 2017Stewards/Elections 2016Stewards/Elections 2015 


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메타의 사무장 기록