Oju-iwe yii tun jẹ eto imulo osise Wikimedia, ti iṣeto ati ifọwọsi nipasẹ Foundation. Oju-iwe yii ṣii ni imọ-ẹrọ fun ṣiṣatunṣe, ṣugbọn awọn atunṣe ko jẹ iyipada si eto imulo; gbani nimọran lati wo itan-akọọlẹ iyipada aipẹ nigbati o ba n wo, ti ẹnikan ba ti ba a jẹ ati pe ko tii ṣe atunṣe tabi ni ọran ti awọn iyipada ti a pinnu daradara ko ni ibamu pẹlu eto imulo gangan.
Ni Oṣu Kẹsan 2020, oju-iwe yii jẹ atunṣe lati ṣe afihan aye ti igbimọ atunyẹwo ọran lati gba awọn ọmọ ẹgbẹ agbegbe ti o kan taara lati beere atunyẹwo ti igbimọ agbegbe ti Igbekele & Awọn abajade iwadii ihuwasi Aabo. Wo isalẹ labẹ "Apetunpe" fun alaye siwaju sii.
This page in a nutshell:
Nigba miiran Wikimedia Foundation le ni lati fi ipa mu ofin de agbaye lodi si ẹni kọọkan laisi lilọ nipasẹ aaye aṣoju / ilana (awọn) agbegbe. Eyi jẹ iwọn iyalẹnu lati ṣe iranlọwọ ni idaniloju aabo awọn olumulo ti awọn iṣẹ akanṣe Wikimedia ati/tabi ṣe iranlọwọ ni idilọwọ ihuwasi eewọ ti o ṣe idiwọ ijiroro, idagbasoke iṣẹ akanṣe ati imugboro. Oju-iwe yii ṣe alaye eto imulo ati awọn iṣe nipa fifagilee wiwọle tabi awọn anfani atunṣe ti awọn olumulo lori eyikeyi aaye Wikimedia, gẹgẹbi imuse nipasẹ Wikimedia Foundation.
A Ipilẹṣẹ idinamọ agbaye jẹ igbese ọfiisi Foundation le ṣe, ni ibamu si Awọn ofin Lilo  wa, lati le koju iwa aiṣedeede pupọ, lati ṣe iranlọwọ rii daju pe aabo ti awọn agbegbe ṣiṣatunkọ ati kika ti gbogbo aaye Wikimedia, gbogbo eniyan, tabi lati ṣe iranlọwọ ni idilọwọ ihuwasi idalọwọduro eewọ ti o ṣe idasi awọn ifunni ati ijiroro. Ifi ofin de agbaye jẹ lilo si awọn ẹni-kọọkan ti o nsoju ara wọn tabi awọn ẹlomiran ati pe o jẹ iṣe iyalẹnu ti o ṣe afikun nikan, laisi rirọpo, ilana fofinde agbaye.
Awọn ilana ti Ẹgbẹ Igbekele & Aabo ti n tẹle nigba ti o ba gbero ati imuse imuse ofin de agbaye ni a le rii labẹ oju-iwe ilana to wulo.
Fun aabo ati aṣiri ti awọn olumulo, awọn iṣẹ akanṣe, ati funrararẹ, Wikimedia Foundation tọka si awọn irufin ọdaràn ti o pọju si awọn alaṣẹ ti o yẹ, nigbati o ba yẹ.
Idi ti eto imulo yii ni lati ṣe iranlọwọ ilọsiwaju aabo awọn ọmọ ẹgbẹ agbegbe Wikimedia, ẹgbẹ naa funrararẹ, ati gbogbo eniyan ni awọn ipo nibiti awọn iṣe lori ipele ijọba agbegbe ko to tabi ko ṣee ṣe.
Awọn ifi ofin de agbaye ati iṣẹ akanṣe tun jẹ imuse nipasẹ awọn ilana ijọba agbegbe Wikimedia agbegbe. Awọn idinamọ agbaye ti ipilẹ kii ṣe rirọpo fun awọn ilana lori-wiki, ati pe a ko lo lati ṣe atunṣe “awọn aṣiṣe” ti o rii ti o waye lati ilana on-wiki ti o tọ; Awọn eto imulo agbegbe wa ni akọkọ lori gbogbo awọn iṣẹ akanṣe Wikimedia, bi a ti ṣe alaye ninu Awọn ofin Lilo, ati awọn idinamọ Foundation agbaye jẹ ibaramu si awọn ilana agbegbe wọnyẹn. Bibẹẹkọ, awọn ọran ti o ṣọwọn le wa nibiti Wikimedia Foundation gbọdọ bori eto imulo agbegbe lati daabobo aabo awọn agbegbe Wikimedia tabi gbogbo eniyan tabi tọju awọn aaye naa, paapaa nigbati Foundation ba ni aaye si alaye ti ko le ṣe pinpin pẹlu awọn imuṣiṣẹ imulo agbegbe.
Awọn wiwọle labẹ eto imulo yii tọka si awọn wiwọle agbaye ti a ṣe nipasẹ Foundation; eyikeyi awọn idinamọ deede ti o ṣe nipasẹ awọn agbegbe ni a pe ni gbangba. Nitorinaa, awọn ofin “ifofinde agbaye” tabi “ifofinde” labẹ eto imulo yii tọka si awọn ofin de agbaye ti a ṣe imuse nipasẹ Foundation, botilẹjẹpe awọn ifi ofin de le jẹ ti agbegbe Wikimedia.
Ilana yii ti ṣe atẹjade lati ṣe iranlọwọ ni akoyawo ati oye, ṣugbọn iwe-ipamọ nibi ṣe igbasilẹ kuku ju iṣeto eto imulo. Eyikeyi awọn imudojuiwọn si eto imulo yoo gba silẹ ni kete bi o ti ṣee, ṣugbọn o le lọ si ipa ṣaaju ki iwe aṣẹ ti gbogbo eniyan ti yipada. Awọn iyipada si iwe-ipamọ yii, ayafi ti a ṣe nipasẹ awọn oṣiṣẹ Foundation ti a yan, le ma ṣe afihan eto imulo ati iṣe osise. Awọn ibeere nipa awọn iyipada tabi iṣe lọwọlọwọ le jẹ idojukọ ni oju-iwe ọrọ tabi fi imeeli ranṣẹ si $ addr.
Awọn ilolu ti idinamọ agbaye
Ifi ofin de agbaye ṣe idiwọ fun awọn eniyan kọọkan, boya ni agbara tiwọn tabi bi aṣoju ti awọn miiran, lati gbogbo ṣiṣatunṣe tabi awọn anfani wiwọle miiran ni awọn oju opo wẹẹbu Wikimedia Foundation, awọn iru ẹrọ ati awọn iṣẹ ṣiṣe. Eyi pẹlu, ṣugbọn ko ni opin si, eyikeyi aaye ti a ṣe akojọ si www.wikimedia.org, awọn atokọ ifiweranṣẹ ti o gbalejo nipasẹ Foundation, Awọn iṣẹ awọsanma Wikimedia ati awọn amayederun imọ-ẹrọ Wikimedia gẹgẹbi Phabricator ati eyikeyi awọn iṣẹlẹ inu eniyan ti a gbalejo, ti ṣe onigbọwọ tabi ti owo nipasẹ Foundation. Nípa bẹ́ẹ̀, ẹnì kọ̀ọ̀kan tí Ìpìlẹ̀ ti fòfin de gbogbo àgbáyé le má ṣàtúnṣe, kópa, tàbí bíbẹ́ẹ̀ kọ́ ṣàtúnṣe àkóónú èyíkéyìí lórí àwọn ojúlé wẹ́ẹ̀bù, àwọn ìpèsè, tàbí àtòjọ wọ̀nyẹn, láìsí ìyọ̀ǹda pàtó ti Wikimedia Foundation. Ni afikun, ẹni kọọkan ti a gbesele ni kariaye le ma ṣe ipoidojuko iṣẹ ṣiṣe ti o ja si awọn ipo ti a mẹnuba lori awọn aaye Ipilẹ, awọn iru ẹrọ ati awọn iṣe, nipasẹ awọn miiran. Boya ẹni ti a gbesele tabi awọn miiran gbagbọ pe abajade iru awọn iṣẹ bẹẹ yoo jẹ rere tabi rara, iru awọn iṣe bẹ ni idinamọ nipasẹ wiwọle. Ilowosi siwaju si awọn iṣẹ akanṣe Wikimedia nipasẹ olumulo ti a ti gbesele ni kariaye, lẹhin ti wọn ti dena, ko dinku aaye ti wiwọle tabi iwulo. Eyikeyi awọn ifunni ti o ṣe nipasẹ ẹni ti a fi ofin de, taara tabi ni aiṣe-taara, le ṣe pada tabi yọkuro gẹgẹ bi apakan imuse wiwọle.
Criteria for consideration of a global ban
Foundation global bans are considered a last resort and are generally implemented upon receipt of complaint, investigation, extensive review and explicit approval by several Foundation staff members.
They are considered an appropriate course of action when any of the following situations apply:
there is a lack of ability by the communities to self-police the above scenarios or take action to resolve or mitigate them;
all possible community-led efforts to address the situation have been attempted and seem to have failed;
the Foundation has knowledge of a situation that we can not make public; such instances may include, but are not limited to, situations that involve personally sensitive information, are linked to an ongoing police investigation or court proceedings, or may present a security risk.
In combination to any of the aforementioned situations, activity that may lead to a Foundation global ban includes, but is not limited to:
engaging in significant or repeated harassment of users on multiple projects;
engaging in significant or repeated harassment off of the Wikimedia sites so as to threaten (emotionally or physically) users;
endangering, significantly compromising or otherwise threatening the trust or safety of our users or employees;
threatening or compromising the security of Wikimedia infrastructure.
Parties affected by a global ban
A Foundation global ban is placed against an individual instead of against a specific username. It therefore applies to any alternate accounts an individual may control and any accounts they might create after the ban has been enacted. It can also apply to anonymous / “IP accounts” the banned individual may be using or may use in the future. As noted above, it applies to any action initiated by such individuals, including if conducted on their behalf by other parties.
Notice of global bans
When a Foundation global ban is implemented, a brief, public note of a global ban appears on the affected individual’s user account, or on their primary user account, when they have been using multiple accounts. The same note appears on their account’s talk page. The banned individual’s account is also linked from the Foundation’s Globally banned users list.
On the day the ban goes into effect, globally banned users are notified of their status and appeals options privately, when possible, unless such notification increases a credible threat to the victim or other users, or such notification hinders an ongoing investigation. Private notification of a global ban is issued via email, when the user has registered it or submitted it through a Wikimedia site or platform. If no email address is available, no private notice is issued.
Notice of a global ban may also be issued to the reporting individual(s), as a matter of courtesy.
Note: This section applies regardless of whether the ban is issued before or after the Case Review Committee is formed.
Some office actions, including some global bans, may be appealed. With regards to office actions undertaken around investigations into the behavior of specific users, the volunteer Interim Trust & Safety Case Review Committee has been formed to review appeals of eligible Trust & Safety office actions until a permanent process is created through the Universal Code of Conduct Conversations in 2021. Only individuals directly involved in a case may request review, either as an individual who requested the initial case or as an individual under investigation. Reviews may be requested whether or not sanctions were issued, but may not be requested for cases where an investigation was declined and deferred to community processes. Instructions to submit appeals may be found on the Interim Trust & Safety Case Review Committee page.
Requesting a global ban
Requests for a global ban consideration can be placed to the Foundation’s Trust and Safety (T&S). To expedite consideration of the request, it should include the following:
a succinct summary of the reasons for the request;
evidence (URLs) that there have already been attempts to have the issue resolved through local community governance structures, where such efforts are appropriate;
any crucial information and evidence in support or the request, including pertinent documentation. This can include, but is not limited to, URLs to the abusive conduct being reported, community-led investigations concerning the reported individual, screenshots of off-wiki information (when directly relevant to the request), etc;
if the request regards a situation taking place in a language other than English, it is helpful to also provide English translations of any key texts, as this speeds up the review process.
Requests for global bans made through any other venue, including Wikimedia project talk pages, personal messaging forums, or in person, may not be considered.
If a global ban is deemed appropriate according to policy, this may be implemented by any member of the Trust & Safety team, as prescribed by the Office actions policy. It should be noted that not all requests for a global ban result in implementation of such; in some situations the Foundation may proceed with alternative office actions instead, or no actions, depending on the outcome of the evaluation process. The lack of action (or the lack of public action) does not necessarily mean that a report has been perceived as invalid or illegitimate. The majority of on-wiki or user conduct issues are appropriately dealt with by the community, and the Wikimedia Foundation will default towards deferring issues to community wherever possible.
Timeline of global bans
Requests for consideration of a global ban are typically handled within a 4-week timeframe. This may be extended depending on the material that needs to be reviewed. For instance, requests for a global ban against users of non-English speaking communities may extend the review, as translation may be time-consuming.
A Foundation global ban is one of several office actions the Foundation may enforce. It is important to help clarify a few points regarding Foundation global bans, in addition to office actions in general:
Positive contributions to the projects and a global ban are not mutually exclusive.
Extensive positive contribution to the Wikimedia projects does not grant immunity against a global ban; neither does holding of a respected position within a local Wikimedia community, membership in an affiliate group or position with the Foundation. Consideration for a global ban is based on the merits of the reported activity, which may not be offset by an individual’s positive prior contribution to the Wikimedia movement, if that activity falls within one of the aforementioned scenarios.
Breaches to a global ban are not acceptable.
Breaches to a Foundation global ban may result in immediate actions against the banned individual; those may include, but are not limited to, global locks, IP address blocks, IP range blocks or content removal.
Helping a globally banned user evade their ban may result in sanctions.
Knowingly facilitating the contributions of a globally banned individual, acting as a proxy for such a person, or attempting to interfere with Foundation staff or volunteer administrators, bureaucrats or functionaries enforcing a global ban in line with relevant policies may result in sanctions, including loss of advanced user rights or suspension of contributing access to Wikimedia sites. Instances of enabling a globally banned user to evade a ban can be brought to the Foundation’s attention by notifying T&S at cawikimediaorg.
Details of global bans are confidential.
In order to protect the privacy of all parties involved, the Wikimedia Foundation generally will not publicly or privately comment on the reason for any specific banning action. The immediately affected individual may reach out to T&S, via cawikimediaorg, should they need clarifications to any of the notices they have received regarding their global ban and further information may be provided as a courtesy. However, we will not share any information that may identify the reporting parties, compromise their right to report their experiences and/or concerns privately, or place the reporting party in danger. We will also not negotiate the merits of the ban.
Global bans are not automatic.
Foundation global bans - which are used only in extraordinary circumstances - are never automatic. Instead, they are based on extensive individual evaluation, triggered by specific circumstances. A recommendation for a global ban goes through several layers of review by Foundation staff members, including by the Trust & Safety manager, the Trust and Safety Director, the Community Engagement Chief Director, the General Counsel (or appropriate delegate) and, in many cases, the Executive Director. It is possible for a global ban recommendation to be dismissed at any point in the process. Only when all necessary reviewing parties have granted their unanimous approval, is a global ban implemented.
There may be many reasons a global ban is not implemented. In some situations, a global ban may compromise the privacy and safety of the reporting and immediately affected individual(s), even if we don’t share information about them with the reported person. In other situations, enforcing a global ban may hinder ongoing police work. It’s also possible that reported conduct may rise to the level of community or Foundation sanctions, but not necessarily to that warranting a Foundation global ban.
Non-users may also be subject to a global ban.
Global bans are usually implemented against individuals who have been active contributors to the Wikimedia projects at some point. However, it is also possible for individuals who have never made contributions to the projects to be prohibited from accessing or participating in any websites or activities supported, sponsored or funded by the Wikimedia Foundation. This is because global bans are not restricted to people who have some kind of affiliation with the projects; rather they are implemented when an individual’s activity constitutes a serious threat to the trust and safety of the editing and reading communities of any Wikimedia project and/or they disrupt contributions and dialogue.
Questions about this policy.
For further information about Wikimedia Foundation global bans, questions may be left on the discussion page of this policy, or sent by email to the Trust and Safety team at cawikimediaorg. Please note that questions about specific global bans enforced by the Foundation will not be addressed, to protect the privacy of all involved. You may find further information on community banned users.
List of global bans placed by the Wikimedia Foundation