元維基:管理員手冊

This page is a translated version of the page Meta:Admin handbook and the translation is 72% complete.
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This page provides helpful information for new administrators and provides recommendations and suggestions for the use of admin tools. It is not a policy or guideline, but can act as a guide for a common sense approach to adminship.
Admin symbol at Wikimedia

元维基是协调各个维基媒体项目的中心站点。很重要的一点是,您需要认识到元维基并不致力于内容编写,用针对内容的方法来管理元维基无法奏效

我们为新管理员准备了这套手册,来避免重造轮子并缩短学习曲线,毕竟绝大多数元维基新管理员都来自内容维基。

用户

The average Wikimedian does not come to Meta in the course of their editing unless they have a specific task in mind, such as requesting a username change, requesting steward intervention, or to comment on a global issue.

New users that solely edit Meta are rare and may not understand the special purpose of this project and our inclusion policy.

Recognize however that while a user may have a low edit count here, they may be an established user on their home project.

語言

请记住元维基是维基媒体旗下站点中少有的多语言项目,与语言不通的编者交流时,您可能得简化语言(如果对方具备您的语言的基本知识,这样能方便他们理解您的留言,也能方便对方可能使用的翻译软件来机器翻译)、使用对方的语言,或请其他用户来担任翻译或替您交流。

用户组

在元维基,您会遇到下面三种用户组:

  • 本地(普通用户、巡查员、管理员等)
  • 全域(全域回退员、全域更名者、全域管理员等)
  • 特殊(基金会职员、系统管理员等)

元维基将评审和回退两个用户组合二为一,即巡查员。要成为巡查员,需要在站内的Meta:Requests for help from a sysop or bureaucrat向社群发起请求。

社群讨论区

本地讨论:

全域讨论:

还有许多更具针对性的页面,比如监管员选举社群咨询/提案战略页面等涉及各种领域。

封禁

元维基主要由各大内容项目的编辑者使用,所以大多数封禁都是针对长期破坏者、广告宣传的(机器)人或纯破坏用户。因此,元维基虽然有用户警告模板用户封禁模板,但很少使用。相反地,我们针对恶意编者实行拒绝承认回退、封禁、不理会

对于从其他项目来元维基编辑的资深用户,可能出现的主要问题就是文明。您可以阅读元维基的文明方针

頁面保護

Be cautious when protecting pages. What are the implications of protecting a page? For example, would protecting a highly watched page after LTA vandalism really help? Or would it just send the LTA to abuse a less-watched part of the wiki? Does protecting the talk page of an active user really help? Or will they move to sending attack messages on a new user's talk page, and prevent good faith non-autoconfirmed editors from messaging them?

Try the honeypot approach; consider not protecting the page unless absolutely needed.

长期破坏

Be cautious when reverting long-term vandals and/or abusers since you likely are just encouraging them. Consider the block, revert and ignore principle. If you are not an administator, consider instead reporting them to the administrators' noticeboard or the stewards' global requests page and ignoring. If the LTA edit is harmless (i.e. adding a barnstar to a talk page) or helpful (i.e. correcting a typo), consider the denial of recognition approach.

编辑战

回退一笔编辑但不封禁对方可能会带来一场回退战。要不然就完全不回退,毕竟回退可能反而会鼓励对方,要不然就只在您觉得对方离开不会回来后再回退。针对LTA,把一般的回退不过三(3RR)降到回退不过一,之后就去找管理员。元维基不是内容维基,破坏性编辑留存一点时间不会导致读者流失。

不妥当的用户名

许多LTA使用不妥当的用户名,之后会被隐藏或监督。不要用回退功能来回退这样的编辑,应使用撤销功能并在编辑摘要中删掉用户名。给管理人员隐藏或监督的名单里增加一些页面或编辑并没有帮助。

全域影响

防滥用过滤器

绝大多数维基都启用了全域过滤器Special:AbuseFilter),除了英文维基百科等大型维基。管理员需要非常小心地启用和编辑全域过滤器,它能影响绝大多数维基媒体项目的操作。

黑名单

群发消息

Using MassMessage (Special:MassMessage), admins and MassMessage senders can both message local and global users.

监管员

While stewards have access to the administrator toolset globally, they can use some of these permissions on Meta as part of the Meta–steward relationship policy. As such, Meta admins work closely alongside stewards. Stewards typically limit their use of the Meta admin toolset to routine or uncontroversial actions such as countervandalism, modifying the blacklists or for emergency actions.

It is important to note that Meta admins have no global authority. A Meta admin closing or reverting a steward request should not be done unless in extremely clear cases such as a disruptive request by a vandal.

参见