Pengurus sistem

This page is a translated version of the page System administrators and the translation is 61% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
Halaman ini mencakup orang-orang yang mengelola dan memelihara server Wikimedia Foundation. Secara historis, orang-orang ini dikenal sebagai "developer", tetapi sekarang tidak akurat. Untuk informasi tentang pengembang perangkat lunak MediaWiki, lihat laman Pengembang di MediaWiki.org. Untuk akses administrasi halaman wiki dan pengguna yang dikenal sebagai "pengurus", "administrator", "admin", atau "sysops", lihat administrator.

Pengurus sistem melakukan tugas administrasi sistem di peladen Wikimedia. Tugas utama mereka adalah memastikan bahwa koleksi Foundation yang terdiri lebih dari 900 wiki terus berfungsi dengan lancar, sehingga pengguna dapat terus membaca halaman dan membuat perubahan. Selain memelihara perangkat keras dan perangkat lunak di klaster peladen Wikimedia, mereka juga bertanggung jawab untuk memperbarui dan mengkonfigurasi versi perangkat lunak MediaWiki yang berjalan di peladen Wikimedia, dan dapat melakukan tugas administratif yang memerlukan akses peladen atau basis data langsung, seperti membuat wiki baru, menutup wiki, mengubah pengaturan konfigurasi, dll.

The Wikimedia Foundation legally controls the servers; ultimately the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees is responsible for determining who has sysadmin access, and how that responsibility is exercised. However, this power is delegated to various Wikimedia Foundation managers. On a day-to-day basis, various system administrators with root or shell access manage the server clusters.

Tindakan pengurus sistem

Meskipun pengurus sistem seringkali tidak aktif di wiki Wikimedia itu sendiri, mereka terkadang perlu melakukan tindakan karena alasan teknis, seperti memblokir pengguna atau bot yang mengosongkan sumber daya sistem dalam jumlah yang tidak dapat diterima, atau membatalkan penyuntingan yang membebani server. Tindakan tersebut tidak boleh dibatalkan tanpa berkonsultasi dengan pengurus sistem.

To facilitate these changes being made in a transparent fashion with no need of the steward flag, all system administrators who ask can be added to the 'sysadmin' global group (automatic members lists). This group allows them to set user rights for any user on any wiki, in the same fashion as stewards. So if a system administrator needs to perform an action restricted to administrators (like editing system messages) on a particular wiki, they can simply grant themselves admin status on that wiki to make the action. In addition, the 'sysadmin' group has access to Special:GlobalGroupPermissions, where system administrators can change the permissions assigned to their global group. So as an alternative, the system administrator could add editinterface to the global group permissions, and would then be able to edit system messages on all wikis.

System administrators are encouraged to use the latter method of granting permissions, to avoid the lists of administrators/bureaucrats on local wikis becoming cluttered with users who are not 'permanent' members of those groups. These self-promotions may be removed at any time by stewards, as they can be easily restored if needed. However, some system administrators have permissions on certain wikis as a result of due process on that wiki, for instance Tim Starling's adminship on English Wikipedia; such rights should not be removed in this fashion.

Requesting on-wiki access

Approving the on-wiki sysadmin global group to any account (staff and volunteers) is the responsibility of the Trust and Safety team in consultation with Legal at the Foundation. Not all system administrators have this permission. The on-wiki permission can be given to those who already have relevant permission/access in Wikimedia’s technical spaces (i.e. shell access) and can demonstrate a need of doing related on-wiki changes in order to better support the communities.

  • The requester needs to submit their request on the Steward requests/Global permissions Meta page. After submitting the request on Meta, the requester needs to send a note with a detailed use case (i.e. what do you need the rights for?) to Trust and Safety through ca wikimedia.org for approval.
  • Once approved by the Legal department, one of the members from the Trust and Safety team will coordinate with the Stewards and will confirm the approval on the Meta request page.
  • Once the approval from the Foundation is secured, the Stewards ensure that the 2FA requirement for the user account is met and grant the rights.
  • The Stewards will remove the rights if the user wishes to resign and/or loses access to the server, Foundation asks for removal, or in case of abuse and in an emergency situation (i.e. account compromised).

Daftar

Jangan langsung menghubungi pengguna yang masuk dalam daftar ini jika Anda membutuhkan sesuatu untuk diselesaikan. Sebagai gantinya, buka #wikimedia-techconnect saluran irc atau ajukan tiket di phabricator.wikimedia.org.

The list below is provided for convenience and should not be treated as accurate or complete. Most of the technical Wikimedia Foundation staff have some form of shell access. There are various levels of shell access (through user groups) and many (whether or not overlapping) groups of servers that access is granted to. For simplification the list below considers all servers to be the same and there to be only (regular) "restricted", "deployment", and "ops". Some other users (not necessarily listed here) have the ability to perform highly restricted actions in some miscellaneous services, with varying degrees of visibility to users.


Sejarah

Awalnya, Jimmy Wales yang menginstal perangkat lunak, menjalankan program pembaruan, dll di server. Pada Maret 2002, dia mengusulkan untuk memberikan akun login ke beberapa pengembang ("Akses pengguna tepercaya ke mesin", Wikitech-l).

Administrator sistem sebelumnya memiliki peran penting dalam Power structure di Wikipedia, karena mereka adalah satu-satunya yang dapat mengangkat dan mencabut status pengurus, dan mengunci akun pengguna (sebelum fitur "blokir" dari MediaWiki ada).

Beberapa pengurus sisten memiliki akses shell ke server California lama, tetapi karena tidak aktif, tidak diberi akses shell pada server Florida "baru" (sejak dinonaktifkan). Termasuk Magnus Manske, April King, Lee Daniel Crocker, Axel Boldt, Matthias Jordan, Neil Harris dan Ed Poor.

Lihat pula