邮件列表

This page is a translated version of the page Mailing lists and the translation is 29% complete.
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若要查看所有邮箱列表的信息,请参阅邮件列表概述

维基媒体基金会对所有用户开放了许多邮件列表,请参阅说明以获得更多信息。多数邮件列表不允许订阅者发布邮件,但允许任何人订阅和阅读。

请注意您的礼仪不要人身攻击他人。发布问题时,先查看有没有相同/类似的问题。 若要请求一个新的邮件列表,请参阅下面的说明

概述

邮件列表有很多种有效的形式:网页的档案室、电子邮件或透过“邮件对新闻”形式的网络新闻传输协议。Wikipedia邮件列表离线档案可以在GMANEMARC找到。

一些邮件列表偶尔会在列表汇总页进行汇总。

统计数据可以在这里找到

存档

大部分邮件列表都会对它们的文章存档,您可以通过在主页的信息页找到这些存档。与互联网上的其他论坛一样,我们建议您提出问题或建议前先在曾经的档案中搜索类似的问题,不这样做容易增加更多无用的信息,会被视为破坏性的编辑。

使用摘要

針對沒有在使用(或者不在乎)郵件列表的使用者來說,摘要是非常有幫助的,這代表你會接受到您自己設定的郵件組合(可於系統內設定)。

摘要不會是參予討論的有效方式──常見的情況下,它會是唯讀的。The next step is to disable distribution to your address and read only the archives when you have time (or even don't be subscribed).For your occasional replies, here are some tips to follow the mailing list etiquette and be sure your message will be put in the correct places and recognized by other list members:

  1. 請絕對避免將帖子置頂,這在回覆長摘要時會是可怕的。反之,請僅包含您想回覆的訊息(如果有的話);
  1. don't reply to the digest or create a new message to the list: instead, go to the web archives (for instance mailarchive:wikimedia-l), find the thread you're replying to, select a message (no need to waste time finding the exact one), and click the link after the name of the author at the top.
    • This will automatically retrieve all visible and hidden headers (mailing list address and others, subject, reply-to) needed for your reply to be correctly recognized by human readers, threads and all sorts of software.

Specific lists

 
A word cloud of wikimedia-l discussions: now you know what they're about

An overview of all existing mailing lists is at overview subpage.

There is also an automatically generated list of public mailing lists, arranged alphabetically, at https://lists.wikimedia.org.

Wikimedia mailing list

wikimedia-l, formerly foundation-l, is the central mailing list for all Wikimedia-wide matters, whether they concern the projects, the Wikimedia Foundation, or the chapters. If you care about fundraising, starting new projects or debating global policy issues, this is the list for you. Posting in languages other than English is welcome, although English is a language most of the audience can understand. Multilingual posts (where the poster repeats the same text in another language) are also welcome.

Messages may be posted only by subscribers. Archives are publicly available.

Wikimedia Announcements mailing list

The Foundation also operates an Announcements only list WikimediaAnnounce-l. This list is meant to provide a simple, opt-in list where people can be rapidly notified of Foundation and Chapter announcements, news and upcoming events. The list is moderated and all replies go directly to wikimedia-l.

List administration

List administrators have complete control of every aspect of the mailing list, they can change individual list members' settings, moderate senders, change settings of the list, and more.

Please see mailing list administration for help operating the admin interface of mailman.

If you feel a list you are on does not currently have enough active admins to keep up with the workload, please first contact the existing administrators at <listname>-owner@lists.wikimedia.org. If they are inactive and don't respond, create a Phabricator task with your request and put it in the "Wikimedia-Mailing-lists" project (quick link).

Advanced questions and tips

Splitting up the Daily Digests

Linux users can split up the daily digest:

Put the following 3 lines into your .procmailrc and activate procmail support.

:0:
* ^Subject:.*mailinglist.*Digest
| formail +1 -ds >>mailinglist

Removing emails from archives

Emails should be sent to mailing lists with care, as removal of emails from archives with any degree of safety is nearly impossible.

Running bin/arch, as is commonly suggested, has the effect of renumbering all the messages, breaking all links to the archive. It's also buggy and has corrupted the list archives in the past. Because of this, our developers have made a policy of not performing any archive deletions. Instead, they will wipe the contents of the message but keep the message to keep the archives intact. However, this can still be problematic so please make sure you have a good reason for requesting an archive removal, bearing in mind that the email will still be in the Inbox of all the existing subscribers and in the archives not managed by the Wikimedia Foundation.

Translating Mailman

If your language is not yet supported by Mailman, you can help by providing a translation for it. Instructions and an explanation on how to translate Mailman can be found at wiki.list.org.

Create a new list

To create a new mailing list, you have to request it in Phabricator. The bug should be placed in the Wikimedia-Mailing-lists project, direct link with all the information included.

Before making your request, you should familiarize yourself with the standardization policy.

Things to include:

  • requested name of the mailing list, ending in @lists.wikimedia.org
  • reasoning/explanation of purpose (and link to community consensus, if applicable)
  • initial list administrator's email address
  • secondary list administrator's email address (as a backup)
  • description of the list for the list info page (should include even if private list so ops and mailman admins know why it exists.)

Please note that all mailing lists are created public, and with public archives, unless stated/requested otherwise.

After submitting the bug correctly, your list should be created within the next few days. During that time you should read over the mailing list administration guide. Remember to add the mailing list to the Overview and to Gmane.