知識公平性基金

This page is a translated version of the page Knowledge Equity Fund and the translation is 43% complete.

ウィキメディア財団の知識公平性基金(Knowledge Equity Fund)は当財団が2020年に新設した予算規模4.5百万アメリカドルの基金であり、受託者となる外部組織は知識の公平性を支持し、無料の知識へのアクセスと参画を阻害する人種格差に警鐘を鳴らすことをその趣旨とする者です。

これは試験的なイニシアティブであり戦略方向性に根差し、知識公平性とは2017年に私たちの2030年における理想(ビジョン)達成に焦点を当てた2本の中心となる柱の一つです。知識公平性とは、知識に貢献し共有したくても社会もしくは経済的な障壁があっては、無料の知識は実現できないと認識するものです。当目的型基金により、私たちは世界の人種偏見ならびに不公平を指摘する組織に投資し、将来像としてより包括的で代表する範囲の広い無料の知識を目指します。

経緯

2020年6月にアメリカ合衆国でジョージ・フロイド氏が殺害されたことを契機に、世界の60超の国や地域で人種の不平等に抗議の声があがりました。グローバルにこれらの声が続くなか、ウィキメディア財団は数回にわたり人種の公平性を進めるため、支援と投資の拡大に明白に取り組み、これは財団として、私たちのウィキメディア運動が巨視的に取り組む知識の公平性という大枠の一部として位置付けられます。その努力の一環として同2020年の後半に目的特定型の公平性基金を創設して、世界にある黒人、先住民、有色人種のコミュニティが経験しフリーな知識との間に立ちはだかる障壁に対応することとしました。

知識が公平であることとは、フリーな知識への取り組みすなわち私たちの運動にとって中核です。権力構造や特権の仕組みから取り残されてきた知識やコミュニティにも加わってもらうには、全人類の知識の総体に参加できなくしている障害物をやぶらなくてはなりません。

人種の公平性に取り組む理由ですが、これは知識の公平性と密接に関連した広範な問題だからです。人々が自由な知識にアクセスして貢献するのを妨げる障壁の多くは、その根源に人種抑圧の構造があります。かつて植民地され奴隷制を用いたため、世界の黒人、先住民、有色人種のコミュニティが備えた知識は体系的に除外され、歴史上、正典とされる記録から消されてきました。

At the same time, we recognize this is work that we as a movement cannot do alone. Our projects can only do so much when, for example, academic and mass media representation of marginalized communities remains insufficient, which in turn limits citations and primary sources for us to build from. The Equity Fund is designed to provide grants to organizations outside of our movement. This will allow us to build a robust ecosystem of free knowledge partners working to address the barriers to knowledge equity. This fund is a pilot program, and we will be continuing to iterate on the structure and goals of the fund.

What we mean by racial equity

The Wikimedia Foundation defines racial equity as shifting away from Eurocentricity, White-male-imperialist-patriarchal supremacy, superiority, power and privilege to create an environment that is inclusive and reflects the experiences of communities of color worldwide. These modes of privilege mentioned above function as setting the dominant social, political, legal, policy-oriented, and cultural norms around the world.

Racial equity means acknowledging explicit and implicit affirmative actions for White people and groups with privilege related to skin color are created systemically through institutional power, dominance, and control.

Racial equity aims to promote consistent and sustained repair for non-White, non-US and Eurocentric communities and communities that continue to experience harm due to racism and caste-based upon colorism.

Racial equity includes authentic and intersectional, racial, ethnic and/or color demographic representation that promotes sustained and consistent participation of people from oppressed communities based on skin color.

Additional Resources

The Equity Fund Committee

The Equity Fund Committee will identify and work with organizations that receive grants from the Equity Fund. This committee will be made up of both Wikimedia Foundation employees and volunteers. Currently the Equity Fund Committee includes:

  • Aeryn Palmer, Legal Director, Wikimedia Foundation, (Aeryn Palmer WMF)
  • Jorge Vargas, Director, Regional Partnerships, Wikimedia Foundation (JVargas (WMF))

We also have two Foundation and movement leaders who are currently serving as advisors to the Equity Fund Committee. These advisors share their expertise in knowledge equity and in grantmaking as we are launching the Equity Fund.

  • Vignesh Ashok, Vice President, Diversity, Equity & Inclusion, Wikimedia Foundation
  • Lisa Gruwell, Chief Advancement Officer, Wikimedia Foundation

Based on community feedback, we will be expanding the Equity Fund Committee to include three more community members who are interested in contributing and participating. The Committee will increase from its current seven members to ten members (5 Foundation staff, 5 volunteers). Each Committee member will be asked to make a one-year commitment to supporting the Equity Fund and evaluating future grantees. Current Committee members will begin reaching out to invite interested people to join the Committee, and we will share more about these new Committee members soon.

Community participation

In its initial iteration, the Equity Fund was weighted towards Foundation support. We have heard the feedback from community members about increased transparency and visibility into the Equity Fund, and we are now opening the Fund to increased community participation as we move into our second round.

We welcome recommendations and suggestions for Round 2 grantees through an intake form available on Google survey and LimeSurvey. We’ll be taking suggestions through February 18. Thank you to those that have already submitted recommendations: we have received over 15 suggestions so far that we will evaluate as part of the second round. We will post the full list of suggestions on Meta after the submission timeframe closes in February. Round 2 grantees will receive funding by June 2022.

Criteria for grantees

Potential grantees must meet the following criteria: They must be a recognized nonprofit, as the Equity Fund can not give grants to for-profit commercial entities or individuals. They must have a proven track record of impact. We are looking to learn from established organizations with a proven track record, and are not able to support organizations which are still determining how to assess their impact.

助成対象事業の重点項目が5つあり、申請案件はそのいずれかに焦点を当てたもののみ審査します。その重点項目はそれぞれ、知識の公平なアクセスと参加を妨害する構造的な障壁に対応します。

  1. フリーな知識と人種の公平性に注力する奨学・研究助成と政策推進に益するもの
  2. 世界の有色人種に着目するメディアとジャーナリズムを支えることにより、これらコミュニティを把握した信頼に足りるメディアの報道を拡充するもの
  3. インターネットの偏ったアクセスを対象とするもの
  4. 知識へのアクセスを阻害する電子的な教養を高めるもの
  5. 伝統的ではない知識の記録に投資するもの(口承の歴史など)

公平性基金の助成金は期間1年もしくは2年の逐次の金銭的助成制度であり、受給者はこの助成期間以降、自前で活動を続ける必要があります。当制度は継続的な助成を意図するものではありません。

助成金受給者

On 08 September 2021, we announced the first round of grantees for the Equity Fund. These grantees were chosen by the Equity Fund Committee based on an evaluation of their existing programmatic work and how it furthers racial equity in the context of free knowledge. Each grantee also needed to meet specific criteria, such as being a recognized nonprofit, establishing a proven track record of impact, and having a financial model that is not dependent on a grant from the Wikimedia Foundation.

The grantees are:

  • Arab Reporters for Investigative Journalism (US$250,000): The Arab Reporters in Journalism (ARIJ) is a nonprofit investigative journalism organization based in Jordan. ARIJ has built an expansive network of journalists across the Middle East and North Africa and has supported over 650 investigative projects on topics ranging from threats to freedom of expression, to systemic patterns of bias and discrimination. This grant will support ARIJ’s continued work in training and coaching media on how to report on issues of equity and institutional accountability, with dedicated workshops that tackle the skills, tools, and knowledge required for Arab journalists to address racial inequity in the region. Through their work, ARIJ will continue to grow the breadth of investigative journalism about inequity throughout the Arab World based on journalistic principles of facts, research, and multiple sources.
  • Borealis Racial Equity in Journalism Fund (US$250,000): Borealis is a philanthropic intermediary that takes a community-led approach to addressing injustices and driving transformative change across the United States. This grant will be provided to their Racial Equity in Journalism Fund, which invests in local news organizations led by people of color that have built long-standing relationships and trust with the diverse communities they serve. With this investment, Borealis will invest in local community-based journalism with a focus on improving how communities of color are represented and reported on throughout the media. Through this work, they will increase the amount of citable articles about leaders of color and community issues and further knowledge equity.
  • Howard University and the Institute of Intellectual Property and Social Justice: The Institute of Intellectual Property and Social Justice (US$260,000) (IIPSJ) is a nonprofit organization that was established to promote social justice in the field of intellectual property law. IIPSJ is led by professors from and graduates of the Howard University School of Law (HUSL), the oldest historically black college or university law school in the United States and a leading institution in civil rights and social justice advocacy. IIPSJ advocates for equity and inclusion throughout the intellectual property (IP) ecosystem, including shaping IP law, policies, and initiatives to promote awareness of IP protections and possibilities among communities of color. With this grant, IIPSJ will create a two-year fellowship at HUSL led by a Wikimedia Race and Knowledge Equity Fellow to explore how systemic racism and injustice impacts how marginalized communities can participate in free knowledge (including in the intellectual property ecosystem), recommendations to address these gaps in knowledge, and how knowledge can be used to advance racial equity and empowerment.
  • InternetLab (US$200,000): InternetLab is a nonprofit think tank focused on internet policy and research around critical digital issues of inclusivity and equal rights, based in São Paulo, Brazil. With this grant, InternetLab will create a two-year fellowship led by a Wikimedia Race and Knowledge Equity Fellow that will produce scholarly writings and publications, as well as educational programming on the intersection between racial equity and free knowledge in Brazil. The Fellow will conduct research on topics including what barriers impact the participation of Black and Indigenous peoples in online knowledge, and identify national and local policy solutions across the fields of intellectual property, access to technologies, education and research, affirmative action, funding and incentives, among others. This fellowship will expand the available research about how racial inequity has impacted communities of color in Brazil.
  • Media Foundation for West Africa (US$150,000): The Media Foundation for West Africa (MFWA) is a non-governmental organization dedicated to protecting and defending the right to freedom of expression, particularly for media and human rights defenders, throughout the 16 countries in West Africa. This grant will support the MFWA’s continued work to protect the public’s right to access information and advocacy for equitable policies throughout the region. MFWA will promote investigative journalism on issues of equity and injustice as part of their focus on freedom of expression and access to information. The grant will also support the organization’s press freedom and independent journalism advocacy to help build a favorable and enabling environment for in-depth investigative reporting that encourages transparency and accountability — the lack of which often result in injustices and marginalisation of the poor, underrepresented, and minority groups.
  • SeRCH 財団 Inc.(基金規模25万アメリカドル):この財団はSTEMによる社会変革(STEM en Route to Change Foundation=略称SeRCH Foundation)という非営利組織はアメリカ合衆国に本拠を置き、社会正義を実現するため科学・技術・工学・数学※(STEM)の領域が重なるところの活用に着目しています。この助成金は同財団の旗印でもある#VanguardSTEM プロジェクトの支援に充当されて伝統的ではない知識の価値評価と技術的専門性を求め、また物語という文化創造の手法を使ってSTEM界に黒人、先住民、有色人種の女性とノンバイナリな性自認の人々を招き入れることを推進します。この投資により、#VanguardSTEM が収集してきた BIPOC STEM の成果の蓄積をさらに拡大し、それぞれのプロフィールにマルチメディア技術を導入、物語の奥行きを深めようとしています。公開で無料のライセンスを付与した音声、動画、文字情報のコンテンツを集めており、主題は女性とノンバイナリの革新者や有色人種の発明家であり、STEM界に貢献した有色人種の研究者が経験と専門性を豊富なコモンズのリポジトリに寄与するように働きかけ、従来とは異なるストーリーテリングの方法を支援します。

今後の進展により、知識公平性基金はウィキメディア財団の予算年度内にもう1回、助成対象事業を募集する予定であり、おそらくは2022年前半になりそうです。選考対象はウィキメディア運動をめぐる発想を実行する受給者であり、この書式を使った自薦他薦を受け付けます。

詳細な情報

 
ウィキメディア財団の知識の公平基金は人種の公平と無料の知識を対象に助成金を支給します。

事務局時間:これまで実施した事務局時間は、6月14日月曜の開始時間がそれぞれ 0100 UTC と 1500 UTC の2回でした。初回には参加者はゼロ、2回目は時間は分散しボランティア3名が参加しました。質問は3件でした。これらは「よくある質問」に加筆してあります。

  • 1. 公平な知識に貢献しようとボランティアが作業を進めているとして、その中に、知識公平性基金から助成金をもらえる部分があるかどうか、どうやって判断すれば良いですか?
  • 2. Tides Advocacy と結ぶ同意書という法的書類ですが、実際に公開されるものですか?
  • 3. 基金から拠出する助成金について、報告の要件に法的根拠はありますか?

より詳細な情報に関して、このメタページに注視しご質問に答えていく所存です。公平基金委員会(Equity Fund Committee)にお問い合わせいただくにはequityfund@wikimedia.org宛にご連絡ください。