Что нам делать с гендерным разрывом
Studies so far have been decisive in pointing out the existence of gender gap issues, but the research into their causes remains less definitive. Moreover, most of this research has focused on the absence of women from Wikimedia projects and has not addressed the experiences of Wikimedians who might fall outside the gender binary. Some proposals and actions have been put forward assuming that a change in one or more factors would help close these gaps (e.g., that more content about women on Wikipedia will increase the amount of women on Wikipedia). Following (but not copying) the thoughts of notable Wikipedian Adrianne Wadewitz, here we aim to focus not on the causes of the gap, but instead on some common assumptions about the gender gap, to help shed more light on the complexity of this issue.
Предположение #1: Это ответственность женщины исправить сексизм в Википедии.
Sexism is not a problem that affects only women, and it is not only up to women to fix it. It is a matter that affects the entire community. Allies have a strong role to play in addressing the gender gap.
Assumption #2: Women will edit underrepresented topics
Assuming that women will edit underrepresented topics reinforces gender stereotypes. The task of expanding these topics has to be addressed by reaching out to the multiple communities who can edit about those topics – communities formed by men as well as women.
Предположение #3: Женщины сделают Википедию лучше
This assumption is also based on gender stereotypes: the idea of women as peaceful, nonconfrontational, and harmless civilizing forces. In order for the community to be more civilized, civil behavior should be expected of every member of that community, no matter the gender.
Предположение #4: Женщины и мужчины взаимозаменяемы
While we would never want to pigeonhole anyone into fulfilling a certain role or force them to take perspectives stereotypically associated with their gender, we must also realize that men bring a unique perspective as men, and women bring a unique perspective as women, and both are essential for a truly great encyclopedia. Until more women contribute, the encyclopedia will continue to fail to reach its full potential.
Since there is no single cause to the gender gap, there is likely no single solution either.
As Adrianne Wadewitz phrased it: “When one group is mistreated, systematically denied a voice or rights, that reflects poorly on the entire community and lessens the legitimacy of that community.” The gender gap is a problem of Wikimedia communities at large, so collective action is called for. We still need more initiatives focused on partnerships, research, community organizing, and socio-cultural and technical interventions.
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- Hill, B. M., Shaw, A. (2013). The Wikipedia Gender Gap Revisited: Characterizing Survey Response Bias with Propensity Score Estimation. PloS one, 8(6), e65782. html
- “Wikipedia’s gender gap and the complicated reality of systemic gender bias”, HASTAC, July 26, 2013