УикиНовини е проект който има за цел съвместен доклад обобщавайки новините от неутрална гледна точка. Тази страница описва целите на проекта и очертава пет основни изисквания на проекта. Уикиновини е многоезична новинарска общност (виж Wikinews sites). Точното изпълнение на изискванията на Уикиновини не е задължително за отделните общности. Нови езици могат да се включат на искания за нови езици.
|Wikinews on Commons|
|Language proposal policy|
|Requests for new languages|
Тук на Meta ние предлагаме набор от идеи, които разноезиковите УикиНовини могат да използват за основа в собствените си разработки. Тези идеи са събрани на Wikinews/Thinktank.
Статистика за УикиНовиниEdit
External Source, dynamically sortable to any criteria, self-updating every six hours by cronjob
http://www.wikinews.org/ points to a multilingual portal using Tim Starling's portal script. The Wikinews portal can be edited at Www.wikinews.org portal. The HTML template can be edited by sysops at Www.wikinews.org template.
The Alemannic Wikinews has been created as separate namespace within Alemannic Wikipedia: Dialäkt-Neuigkeite (Wikinews).
Low German WikinewsEdit
The Low German Wikinews has been created as separate namespace within Low German Wikipedia: Portal:Wikinews.
This page was originally a proposal for the new project. It was first envisaged as Wikews by an anonymous contributor, with Kwekubo coining the name. It was voted on at Wikinews/Vote. Then a demo site was set up at demo.wikinews.org, which was made live after a month of discussion and content seeding. See also the history about all Wikimedia projects.
- October 26, 2004: A non-binding straw poll is started over which content license to use -- ::Wikinews/License straw poll.
- October 27, 2004: A discussion session today, 20:00 UTC, on irc.freenode.net, #wikinews. ::Log : /IRC meeting Oct 27
- December 2, 2004: demo.wikinews.org moved to en.wikinews.org.
- December 3, 2004: German edition was created.
- January 28, 29, 2005: Dutch, French, Swedish and Spanish editions were created.
- February 6, 2005: Bulgarian edition was launched.
- February 12, 2005: A new logo is chosen - see Wikinews logo contest voting.
- February 19, 2005: Polish, Romanian and Portuguese were launched.
- March 13, 2005: The English edition reached 1,000 news articles.
- March 19, 2005: Ukrainian edition was launched.
- March 24, 2005: The German edition reached 1,000 news articles.
- March 31, 2005: Italian edition was launched.
- May 23, 2005: Serbian edition was launched.
- July 14, 2005: Japanese edition was launched.
- July 31, 2005:The Polish edition reached 1,000 news articles.
- November 1, 3, 2005: Russian and Hebrew editions were created.
- November 28, 2005: The Portuguese edition reached 1,000 news articles.
- December 5, 2005: The Italian edition reached 1,000 news articles.
- December 12, 2005: Thai and Arabic editions were created.
- December 27, 2005: The Spanish edition reached 1,000 news articles.
- January 11, 2006: Norwegian edition was created.
- January 18, 2006: The Swedish edition reached 1,000 news articles.
- March 13, 2006: Chinese edition was created.
- April 30, 2006: The English edition reached 5,000 news articles.
- May 26, 2006: Catalan edition was launched.
- November 1, 2006: The French edition reached 1,000 news articles.
- August 21, 2007: The Polish edition has reached 5,000 news articles.
- November 25, 2007: The Finnish edition was launched.
- January 29, 2008: The Italian edition has reached 5,000 news articles.
- May 26, 2008: Czech and Hungarian editions were launched.
- August 10, 2008: The Serbian edition reached 3,000 news articles.
- January 8th, 2009: The Dutch edition reached 1,000 news articles.
- January 20, 2009: The Portuguese edition reached 4,000 news articles.
- April 1, 2009: The French edition reached 5,000 news articles.
- May 2, 2009: The Serbian edition reached 5,000 news articles.
- May 19, 2009: The Portuguese edition reached 4,500 news articles.
- May 26, 2009: The Italian edition has reached 7,000 news articles.
- June 3, 2009: The French edition has reached 5,500 news articles.
- June 9, 2009: The Serbian edition has reached 6,000 news articles.
- June 26, 2009: The Serbian edition has reached 7,000 news articles.
- June 26, 2009: The Polish edition has reached 10,000 news articles.
- July 14, 2009: The Portuguese edition has reached 5,000 news articles.
- December 3, 2009: The Spanish edition has reached 5,000 news articles.
see the original Wikinews manifesto
Wikinews seeks to create a free source of news, where every human being is invited to contribute reports about events large and small, either from direct experience, or summarized from elsewhere.
While Wikinews aims to be a useful resource of its own, it will also provide an alternative to proprietary news agencies like the Associated Press or Reuters; that is, it will allow independent media outfits to get a high quality feed of news free of charge to complement their own reporting.
The internationality of the Wikimedia Foundation is one of our biggest strengths, and the Wikinews projects is building on this strength right from the start. Our first requirement is that Wikinews will be set up like Wikipedia, with a language domain for every Wikinews project:
and so on. A Wikinews project in a language will be started under two conditions: a) that the language is accepted as one of the Wikimedia project languages, b) that there are a sufficient number of people who express an interest in working on that language edition. Before a Wikinews language version is officially recognized as a Wikimedia project, and before the first sysop can be appointed, there must at least be 5 participants. This condition is there to prevent a single individual from effectively becoming a "benevolent dictator" in a Wikinews language version.
Stories from each language subdomain could be combined into a multilingual newspaper, as is discussed on the talk page.
A news article is a historical document. It is something which people expect to be able to cite without substantial changes to its content, especially after the event is no longer current. News articles can also be of immense political significance. They can lead to violence against the innocent, or to passivity in the face of a pending threat. This means that, at the time of publication, a news article must be solidly fact-checked and as objective as possible. Anyone should be able to take a published Wikinews article, print it out and distribute it – at any time.
We therefore formulate as the second requirement for Wikinews that an article must undergo at least four stages:
- Article development, in which a community of volunteers works on the text and media
- Final review, in which the accuracy, neutrality, newsworthiness, copyright status, legality and comprehensiveness of the article are verified.
- Article publication, in which the content is prominently linked and officially labeled as a published Wikinews article. Corrections and updates can still be made for a limited time if they are clearly pointed out alongside the article.
- Archival, in which the article is permanently frozen, for the purpose of citation. Corrections and updates can still be linked to, but the article text itself may not be changed. This is enforced on the English Wikinews by protecting all articles over one week published.
In order to implement our vision of not just a news summary service, but a source of original reporting, we formulate as our third requirement for Wikinews that there will be at least two types of reports:
- summaries from external sources
- reports by Wikinews reporters (based on first-hand experiences or on interviews and research)
In this context, we also establish one key principle that any Wikinews implementation must follow: to make available to the reader all the knowledge which we ourselves have, that is, to fully cite our sources, with the exception of sources which are anonymized for their protection.
Ensuring accuracy and legalityEdit
The inclusion of original reports greatly expands the range of Wikimedia content for which the Wikimedia Foundation is potentially liable. The importance of news in informing public opinion also places on us an additional burden to, from the start, do our best to ensure the absolute accuracy of the content we publish.
Our fourth requirement for Wikinews is therefore that there must be processes in place to ensure that original reports are accurate and legal in the country of publication (and possibly the country of the primary readership, but this is left for individual Wikinews communities to decide in agreement with the Wikimedia Foundation). We cannot rely on the wiki process to improve articles after they are published, because, unlike an encyclopedia article, a news article has a limited lifetime: it receives very high exposure for a very brief period of time. Articles must be accurate and legal at the time of publication.
The thinktank lists some general ideas on how to maintain openness for original reports while guaranteeing that we can actually verify the information which is inserted. None of these ideas are, however, a requirement for the Wikinews proposal as presented here - the precise methods by which the requirement of accuracy and legality is satisfied will be left up to the individual Wikinews projects to implement.
Wikinews adopts the neutral point of view policy which has been key behind the success of Wikipedia. All opinions and beliefs have to be attributed to their adherents, all factual claims have to be sourced. Wikinews will not engage in political advocacy; unlike some newspapers, it will not endorse political candidates, for example. An article which is not neutral at the time of final review should either be fixed or not be published.
Често задавани въпроси (FAQ)Edit
Как ще се избегне дублирането на статиите с тези в Уикипедия?
Статиите на УикиНовини са с много детайлизирана информация относно специфични събития ("Allende toppled: Pinochet new ruler"). Wikipedia articles provide condensed information about a series of events (w:History of Chile, w:Augusto Pinochet, etc.). Also, Wikinews allows original research, while Wikipedia does not (Wikinews may eventually become reliable enough to be cited as a source on Wikipedia).
Let's take as a specific example the article w:Hurricane Charley on the English Wikipedia. In Wikinews, we would not just publish a brief timeline as in Wikipedia, but a detailed article about
- what the forecast of the hurricane path and strength for the next day is
- according to different experts
- what preparations are being made by the local authorities (evacuations etc.)
- what the situation is like for the people living in the storm area (live wiki-report)
Where Wikipedia would just summarize something like this report in one sentence, Wikinews might well reproduce (if in the public domain) the whole thing in order to give people as much useful "live" information as possible.
So the two projects are very different, and in many cases, the work of summarizing the Wikinews article in Wikipedia will not be much different from the work of summarizing other sources like CNN or MSNBC.
Nevertheless, Wikinews would also benefit from good article abstracts in addition to the full articles; so, for example, you could have a Wikinews article about the release of a new version of Microsoft Windows, and the introduction would briefly summarize what the main changes are, while the main text would go into much more detail.
It makes sense to aim for cross-wiki transclusion of this content: Wikinews could provide the abstracts, and Wikipedia could dynamically transclude them (like template pages) on a page like w:current events.
Overlap with Wikipedia background articles can be avoided by simply prominently linking to them in the Wikinews article and not going into too much detail about the history of an event.
What will the scope of the Wikinews project be?
This is left up to the individual Wikinews communities to decide (in the spirit of Wikipedia:What Wikipedia is not), but in general, we will want to discourage things which are not verifiable or not significant. Nevertheless, Wikinews should grow into a very broad news source that even covers relatively minor events in very specific fields ("Linux kernel 2.6.7 released, FP crash fix"). The project will have to develop guidelines and processes by which events of major and minor significance can be distinguished, i.e. be given different prominence.
How can I ever trust what I read in Wikinews?
Our goal is that you can trust us more than you can trust other media, because we tell you exactly what we know and with what level of certainty we know it. In practice this means that factual information will always be sourced, even if it is to an anonymous source who has contacted a Wikinews reporter.
Reporting is expensive - how will you pay for travel costs, etc.?
Wikinews will depend on volunteers, at least initially. In the long term, it may be desirable to have a Wikinews research fund within the Wikimedia budget, so that Wikinews reporters can apply for funding for expensive research. Nevertheless, given that the Wikimedia community is very international, any country that has some level of Internet coverage is likely to have some Wikinews reporters sooner or later.
What processes will be in place for when a Wikinews user knowingly publishes POV or factually incorrect information?
Some ideas for dealing with this are outlined on the Wikinews/Thinktank page. In the general, we will want to exclude such users from the Wikinews community as we seek to exclude POV-pushers and vandals from the other Wikimedia communities.
Current Wikinews initiativesEdit
Wikinews has a range of projects underway, many of them designed to encourage the creation of original reporting content on the various Wikinews language editions.