Translations/zh/Empower and other wikimedia buzzwords

Whereas Translation is a craft,


The mission of the Wikimedia Foundation is to empower and engage people around the world ...

, etc,

The buzzwords to empower and to engage bring headaches to the zh: translators. In fact we have failed to find exact terms which sufficiently match their meanings, usages and connotations. (For past discussions, see (perhaps) the translation of the resolution on licensing. ) That means each use of these terms must be translated individually, and in its own context. Often entire sentences must be rewritten.

I don't know if other languages have experienced the same problem. Here I try to consider aloud the possible solutions in zh: and in yue: that people (mostly I) have thought up. You are welcome to add your own stuff.

Or, rather, everybody may ask himself, by these words what does he mean?

to empower edit

language term meaning usage connotation match?
en to make somebody able to do something (c.f. Fowler's)
en to enable
zh 授權 legalese,
pre-1970's meaning
= authorise
legalese pre-70's partially, pre-70's
but translators found it
zh 賦權 direct translation never heard of ? no
zh 支持 "support" common lost ?
possibly ja?
加油 analogous? colloquial similar but informal;
subject may be reversed
ja transliteration
zh 放權 devolve ? wrong no
zh 鼓勵 encourage common wrong no
自力更新 self-reinvigorate common yes yes, in this limited sense

to engage edit

language term meaning usage connotation match?
zh 接觸 "contact" (physically) similar less active reasonable
zh 聯繫 "contact"(to link) similar even less active reasonable but not satisfactory
zh 締約? "commit to a contract" common partial not quite,
and too formal
zh 結約? "to join into contract" common
zh 結合? combine/join common partial no
ja 従事 or 携わる
ja transliteration

other wikimedia terms edit

word meaning translations rank(?)
free [1] 0
(under)represent(ed) without a voice in the power structure zh:被忽略、弱勢 3
underprivileged euphemism for poor yue: 窮 4
underprivileged euphemism for poor zh: 貧困 4
world, worldwide
resources knowledge, crap and anything inbetween zh: 資源

see also edit